Department of Housing and Urban Development
Secretary Shaun Donovan said recent foreclosure problems at some mortgage servicers are not "systemic issues."
Donovan spoke after a meeting among regulators
who will review foreclosure processes among the major servicers. Bank of America (BAC)
, JPMorgan Chase (JPM)
and Ally Financial (GJM)
suspended foreclosures in 23 states after admitting employees signed affidavits without reviewing documents or having a notary present.
The Federal Housing Administration
is reviewing servicers for compliance with its loss mitigation requirements, and the review should be completed over the next nine weeks.
The Financial Fraud Enforcement Task Force
, led by the Department of Justice
will work with 20 federal agencies, 94 U.S. attorney's offices and dozens of state and local offices to share information on foreclosure and servicing practices. All 50 state attorneys general offices have launched investigations of their own.
The Federal Housing Finance Agency
directed Fannie Mae
and Freddie Mac
to force servicers into a review of its processes.
The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
directed all national mortgage servicers to review process as well. The OCC and the Federal Reserve System
are examining foreclosure and securitization practices at the servicers as well, including reviews of internal loan modification processes.
The Office of Thrift Supervision
has gathered preliminary information from its review of mortgage servicers, and issued letters to all savings associations that service mortgages on Oct. 8, requiring reviews.
The Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.
is verifying that servicers it supervises are carrying out proper foreclosure processes and evaluating electronic registration systems.
The Federal Trade Commission
is also monitoring servicers and is conducting reviews looking for fraud or foreclosure scams.
The Treasury Department
issued a notice to mortgage servicers on Oct. 6 participating in the Home Affordable Modification Program, reminding them of the requirement to exhaust all possible loss mitigation options before foreclosing on a home.
And the Securities and Exchange Commission
issued proposed rules designed to create more transparency in securitization disclosures for investors.
"Throughout our reviews, as we uncover bad practices, cutting corners or sloppy processes that disregard or ignore the rights and protections of any homeowner, we're committed to forcing institutions to change the way that they conduct business," Donovan said. "We will not tolerate business as usual in the mortgage market. Every American should expect to be treated fairly, justly, and we will force the changes to make sure that these types of problems don't happen again."
Donovan added that so far the review has shown significant differences among the servicers, and that while some have shown errors in the foreclosure process, others have not.
"Where there have been mistakes made or errors, we will hold those entities, those institutions accountable to stop those processes, review them, and fix them as quickly as possible," Donovan said.
Write to Jon Prior