Servicer differences cause RMBS cashflow volatility
Bondholder payment delays, investment shortfalls
Bondholder payments were delayed in a number of recent transactions due to differences in approaches between bank and nonbank RMBS servicers, Fitch Ratings says.
“While often temporary, the disruption can result in rating actions and downgrades on the RMBS,” the report says. “In recent months, RMBS collateralized with mortgages transferred from Bank of America (BAC) to Nationstar Mortgage (NSM) have incurred bondholder payment disruptions.“
The Fitch report says the impact of the difference in missed payment advancing rates on RMBS can be pronounced when loan servicing is transferred from banks to nonbanks, particularly when underperforming loans exist within the pools. The new servicer may determine that a portion of the prior advanced amount is non-recoverable and recoup it from the total monthly amounts available for distribution.
Interest shortfalls can occur on the RMBS when a servicer recoups or 'clawbacks' prior advanced amounts. Fitch continues to see this cashflow volatility, particularly when servicing has been transferred to large nonbank servicers with more conservative stop advancing policies.
“US RMBS transactions typically contain a servicer advancing mechanism that guards against interest shortfalls on the notes if payment is delinquent. The servicer in RMBS deals typically must advance the payment to the trust; they often advance principal and interest until further advances are deemed non-recoverable,” the report says. “At property liquidation, the reimbursement of servicer advancing occurs prior to the distribution of any funds to the trust. As long as the advanced amount is less than the net proceeds of a property liquidation, the advanced amount is recoverable.”
Bank and nonbank servicers for RMBS transactions typically follow the same general advancing guidelines. However, non-bank servicers generally make the determination to stop advancing earlier than bank servicers, the report says.
“On average, nonbanks advance missed payments on only 40% of delinquent loans in the subprime sector while banks advance closer to 50%. In the prime and Alt-A sectors nonbanks advancing rates for missed payments average 68% versus a bank average of 93%. More conservative assumptions primarily drive the lower nonbank advance rates,” analysts said.